Increasing the efficiency of state border security by ensuring appropriate border guarding conditions is considered to be the protection of national security interests, preventing a possible threat to the state, namely, an uncontrolled increase in the flow of migrants to the state border between the Republic of Latvia and Belarus. In order to ensure an effective border security function, as provided for in the Law on the Development of the Infrastructure for the Construction of the External Land Border and its annotation, it is necessary to build an appropriate infrastructure. It is planned to build a high security fence, patrol paths, patrol footbridges, a tunnel for crossing railway tracks, etc. Taking into account the readiness of the land plots for construction works, the initial priority corresponds to the planned deforestation works of JSC "Latvijas valsts meži" - 83.9 km long. Whereas the scope of the works of the second stage covers 63.9 km, thus encompassing the entire Republic of Latvia – Republic of Belarus land section.
In order to allow the safe movement of animals, a study was carried out, as a result of which a map of animal movement routes and a solution for animal crossings was developed by LVMZI "Silava." This is an essential precondition for the development of a construction project and the coordination of a construction project.
Construction plan solutions will be adapted to each specific area and actual natural conditions - swamps, cliffs, flooded areas, lake crossings. It is important to adapt infrastructure so that it is both sustainable and economically viable. The construction plan documentation is expected to be developed by June 2022 (except for the tunnel solution, which will be developed by September 2022).
The hybrid warfare organised by Belarus, Russia's extended cruel act of war in Ukraine and Belarus's support to Russia's activities have created a pressing need to significantly strengthen the external border, not only of Latvia, but of the entire European Union with these two countries. Both the Ministry of the Interior in cooperation with the internal affairs services and other institutions are actively working on it. Our services ensure order and security at the state border on a daily basis, but at the same time, in the conditions of hybrid warfare, we continue to actively and purposefully work on the development of infrastructure that will help the services to halt efforts of illegal border crossing.
The border infrastructure construction project has been entrusted to State Real Estate, and they are successfully implementing it.
Minister of the Interior of the Republic of Latvia